Methodologies – Evolutionary Prototyping

Evolutionary Prototyping or Rapid Prototyping is an SDLC model used when developers face undefined or rapidly changing requirements. Business Analysts tasked with documenting the requirements can find themselves frequently updating the project documentation and will have to stay focused and be in continual communication with developers to keep the documentation current and usable.

Similar to the spiral model, the most important requirements of the product are developed first, followed by the lower priority requirements with each milestone (prototype) created. With this approach, you can present the prototype to the stakeholders to obtain clarification and acceptance of the requirements before you start the design phase. As the prototype evolves you eventually baseline a final set of requirements as agreed upon by the stakeholders until the final product is released.

During the evolutionary process, it may sometimes be difficult to determine the timelines for a project plan. However, using this model may help the Business Analyst produce very detailed requirements so that the process is effective.

The four key steps involved with the Evolutionary Prototyping or Rapid Prototyping model are:

  1. Initial Concept
    Gather initial requirements
  2. Create Prototype
    Refine requirements
  3. Refine Prototyping
    Describe all requirements in full detail while creating each milestone
  4. Release final product
    Develop a final solution based on prototype development

By Morgan

CBAP and PMI-ACP with over 20 years of Project management and Business Analysis experience.